Clinicians at North Carolina State University’s College of Veterinary Medicine have isolated and quarantined a horse that has tested positive for the neurologic form of equine herpes virus (Equine Herpesvirus-1 Myeloencephalopathy).
The mare was taken directly to the separate isolation unit at the CVM Equine and Farm Animal Veterinary Center immediately upon arrival from its stable in Rockingham County. Tests confirmed a referring veterinarian’s tentative diagnosis of the infectious disease.
Commonly known as EHV-1, the neurologic form of equine herpes virus is highly contagious among horses, but poses no threat to humans. Outbreaks of the virus have occurred in some 10 western states as well as Virginia and Tennessee in the past year. This is the first case ever seen at the NC State CVM...
According to Dr. Marshall, the virus has been increasing in frequency throughout the United States for the past decade, but this is the first case of the neurologic form of the equine herpes virus in North Carolina. In a statement Dr. Marshall added, “We are working with the College of Veterinary Medicine at NC State University and with the stable to implement biosecurity measures and minimize the risk of further spread.”
As an extra precaution while the infected mare remains quarantined in the isolation facility, the NC State Equine and Farm Animal Veterinary Center will carefully monitor existing equine patients in the hospital and will accept only emergency cases for the next seven days. CVM veterinarians are communicating directly with referring equine veterinarians, with the North Carolina Veterinary Medical Association, and with horse owners who are concerned about the virus. A veterinarian or owner with specific questions may call 919.513.6630.
Initial symptoms include a fever of 102 degrees or greater and progress to include lack of coordination, and trouble walking and standing. Advanced signs include extreme lethargy, abnormal function of the eyes or face, difficulty swallowing, and a coma-like state.Read the full article