Muriel, or The Time of Return

Movie Information

In Brief: The third film in World Cinema's monthlong tribute to French director Alain Resnais is also Resnais' third feature — the altogether remarkable and frankly mind-blowing Muriel, or The Time of Return (1963). It is also Resnais' first color film. On the surface, it's the story of an man visiting an old love from his past — an antique dealer who lives with her stepson in the seaside town of Boulogne. It becomes complex in its own right, but the film is really about memory: how it deceives us, how we distort it to our own ends and how it haunts us. And it approaches the idea in a way that nearly reproduces memory. Stunning.
Genre: Drama
Director: Alain Resnais
Starring: Delphine Seyrig, Jean-Pierre Kérien, Nita Klein, Jean-Baptiste Thiérrée, Claude Sainval
Rated: NR



I almost didn’t get to review this — in large part because it turns out that Alain Resnais’ third feature, Muriel, or The Time of Return (1963), is not an easy film to find. The copy I finally did get turned out to have subtitle trouble — and my French isn’t that good (and that’s understating the case). I did at last find a player that would decode the titles. I say all this because by the time I got to the film, I was not in the best or most receptive mood. It didn’t matter. It turned out that I was quickly transfixed by the film. Finally, I was blown away by it — far more than I’ve ever been by a Resnais film. It’s not the story that accomplishes this. The story is interesting, but it’s not what makes Muriel a great film.




The premise is that Hélène (Delphine Seyrig) is a middle-aged widow who lives with her moody — possibly deranged — step-son Bernard (Jean-Baptiste Thiérrée) in the provincial seaside town of Boulogne. She makes a living selling antique furniture out of their apartment, and seems to use most of it to support her gambling addiction. She’s expecting a visitor — an old flame named Alphonse (Jean-Pierre Kérien), who arrives complete with a “niece”, Françoise (Nita Klein), in tow. Whether she buys the “niece” thing is unclear (no one else does), but then what she expects of Alphonse is equally uncertain. For that matter, what Alphonse expects or wants — even why he came — is a mystery. Most of these questions are answered — at least to some degree. For that matter, what is eating at Bernard is slowly revealed — as is the question of his never-seen fiancee Muriel.




But what the film is really about is memory: how we shape it, distort it, experience it — and how it controls us. Even this can be seen as an allegory for France in 1963 at the end of its colonialist days. (This in turn is symbolized by a brand new, never occupied apartment building that everyone is waiting to see fall down.)  But even this seems beside the point, since Resnais presents the film in the manner that memory works. The time-frame shifts — frequently within a single scene — as one moment prompts the memory (real or false) of another. It’s startling and it’s not always easy to follow, but it’s also amazing. It’s unlike anything else and it’s brilliant. I desperately need to see it again.

Classic World Cinema by Courtyard Gallery will present Muriel, or The Time of Return Friday, April 18, at 8 p.m. at Phil Mechanic Studios, 109 Roberts St., River Arts District (upstairs in the Railroad Library).  Info: 273-3332,

About Ken Hanke
Head film critic for Mountain Xpress from December 2000 until his death in June 2016. Author of books "Ken Russell's Films," "Charlie Chan at the Movies," "A Critical Guide to Horror Film Series," "Tim Burton: An Unauthorized Biography of the Filmmaker."

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